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Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute
An Institution under Kerala State Council for Science, Technology and Environment

Mushroom Research Lab

 

The study of Indian agarics was initiated by the European workers in the 19th century. Montagne (1842, 1856) was the first to report the members of Agaricales from India. It was followed by M.J. Berkeley (1850, 1851, 1852, 1854, 1867, 1876) and P. Hennings (1900, 1901). Berkeley described 164 species in 39 genera and Hennings described 68 species in 32 genera. mush2Later several other workers like Leveille, Cook, Curry, Massee, Woodrow, Sydow & Butler, Thiessen & Graham etc have made significant contributions towards Indian agaricology. After the intensive study conducted by the European workers, not much contribution was made till 1960 by the Indian workers. After 1960’s there was an increased interest in the study of mushrooms and Indian workers reported 147 species by 1980’s. Manjula (1983) listed 538 species and 115 genera in her list of agaricoid and boletoid basidiomycetes from India and Nepal. The latest list provided by Natarajan et al (2005) includes 617 species 77 varieties in 105 genera.

  • Systematic inventory and documentation of agaricoid basidiomycetes of Western Ghats of Kerala.
  • Inventory and documentation of ectomycorrhizal mushrooms and their association with tree species of Kerala.   
  • Survey and inventory of common wild edible, toxic and hallucinogenic mushrooms of the region.
  • Molecular phylogeny of mushrooms.
  • Dye yielding mushrooms
  • Development of cultivation protocol for wild edible mushrooms of Kerala
  • Create awareness among people of the state on various aspects of mushrooms

 

Research Highlights

Total collections 14079
Families represented 17
Genera represented 96
Species identified 503
New records for India 270
New species published 17
Wild edible species collected 39
Bioluminescent species collected 03
Papers published/presented 73
Patents granted 01
Total collections maintained in the mushroom herbarium 14079

 

New species described

  1. Entoloma brunneopapillatum C.K. Pradeep & K.B. Vrinda (2013)
  2. Entoloma brunneosquamulosum C.K. Pradeep & K.B. Vrinda (2013)
  3. Entoloma griseolimosum C.K. Pradeep & K.B. Vrinda (2013)
  4. Entoloma brunneocarnosum C.K. Pradeep & K.B. Vrinda (2013)
  5. Hygrocybe ru bida Vrinda & Pradeep, Mycoscience (2012)
  6. Hygroaster fucatus Vrinda & Pradeep, Mycosphere 3(4): 399(2012)
  7. Entoloma crassum C.K. Pradeep & K.B. Vrinda, Mycotaxon 120:335 (2012)
  8. Entoloma suaveolens C.K. Pradeep & K.B.Vrinda, Mycotaxon 120:332 (2012)
  9. Entoloma aurantioquadratum C.K. Pradeep & K.B.Vrinda, Mycotaxon 120:338 (2012)
  10. Auritella foveata C. K. Pradeep & Matheny, Kew Bulletin 67: 120 (2012)
  11. Pluteus brunneosquamulosus Pradeep & Vrinda, Mycological Progress 11: 870(2012)
  12. Pluteus velutinus Pradeep, Justo & Vrinda, Mycological progress 11: 871 (2012)
  13. Megacollybia virosa Manim. & K.B. Vrinda, Mycotaxon 111: 364 (2010)
  14. Pluteus silentvalliyanus Pradeep & Vrinda, Nova Hedwigia 87: 234 (2008)
  15. Pluteus luteostipitatus Pradeep & Vrinda, Nova Hedwigia 87: 232 (2008)
  16. Tubaria virescens Noordel & K.B. Vrinda, Fungal Diversity 27:146 (2007)
  17. Pluteus delicatulus C.K. Pradeep & Vrinda, Persoonia 19: 95 (2006)
  18. Lactarius ignifluus Vrinda & Pradeep, Persoonia 18 : 129 (2002)
  19. Hygrocybe parvispora Vrinda, Pradeep & Abraham, Mycotaxon 60: 361(1996)
  20. Russula leelavathyi Vrinda & Pradeep, Mycotaxon 62: 389 (1997)
  21. Inocybe purpureoflavida Vrinda & Pradeep, Mycotaxon 64: 3 (1997)
  22. Inocybe virosa Vrinda & Pradeep, Mycotaxon 57:171 (1996).

 

Bio-luminescent species recorded

  1. Filoboletus manipularis (Berk.) Singer
  2. Omphlotus oleareus (De ex Fr.) Singer
  3. Nothopanus eugrammus (Mont.) Singer

 

Ongoing R& D Projects

  • Wild edible Mushrooms in Kerala forests-A source of food and income
  • Inventory, documentation and development of cultivation protocol for the lesser known wild edible mushrooms of Kerala
  • Inventory, documentation of mushrooms og Western Ghats and Establishment of a regional herbarium for mushrooms
  • Molecular & phylogenetic studies on Inocybaceae of Kerala

 

Completed R& D Projects

  • Investigations on the Macro fungal Diversity in Thenmala Forest Division of Western Ghats of Kerala (2003-2007).
  • Studies on the Ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity in different forest types & their association with endemic, indigenous & exotic species in the Western Ghat forests of Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala (2005-2008).
  • Toxic and hallucinogenic mushrooms of Kerala (2006-2010)
  • Inventory & Conservation status of Mushrooms of Wayanad area of Kerala (2007-2010)

 

 

Research team

Dr.K.B. Vrinda
Principal Scientist
Mushroom Research Lab
Plant Systematics & Evolutionary Science Division
Phone :(O) 0472-2869226 (M) 09447208372
Fax: 91(0) 472 – 2869646
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Dr.C.K. Pradeep
Scientist
Mushroom Research Lab
Plant Systematics & Evolutionary Science Division
Phone :(O) 0472-2869226 (M): 09446849654
Fax: 91(0) 472 – 2869646
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Research Students

 

 

Jestin V. Abraham (JRF)
The world production and consumption of mushrooms over the last two decades has shown phenomenal pattern of growth. It is considered that over 2000 species are showing various degrees of edibility. However, ± 20 species are commercialized world over and in India it is less than 6 species. The Western Ghat forests of Kerala harbor a good number of wild edibles. Mr. Jestin is concerned with the development of cultivation protocol for the promising wild edible species of Kerala.

 

 

 

Bijeesh.C (JRF)
The wild edible mushrooms are particularly important and forms one of the untapped natural resources. Mr. Bijeesh is concerned with the survey, identification and documentation of the wild edible mushroom resources of Kerala.

 

 

Shanid Mohiyuddin (JRF)
Members of the family Inocybaceae are important due to its ectomycorrhizal ecology, toxicity and large number of species. However there is hardly any comprehensive study on this group in Kerala so far and Mr. Shanid is entrusted with the diversity study of this group applying both morpho and molecular methods.

 

Vishnu G.R
Technical Assistant

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                       

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